Winchester Model 1895/Russian 1895
Country of origin

United States of America


Winchester Repeating Arms Company


John Browning

Production began


Production ended


Weapon type

Lever-action rifle


.30-40 Krag, 7.62×54mmR, .303 British, .30-03, .30-06 Springfield, .35 WCF, .38-72 WCF, .40-72 WCF, .405 Winchester


Manually operated, lever-action

Overall length

1,100 mm

Barrel length

710 mm


4.1 kg

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

5-round internal magazine

Muzzle velocity

800 m/s (7.6254mmR)

Used by
  • Russian Empire
  • Finland
  • Spain
  • United States of America
  • Nazi Germany
  • United Kingdom
  • Mexico

The Winchester Model 1895 is a lever action repeating rifle manufactured by Winchester Repeating Arms Company in the 1890's. It was chambered for a number of military and hunting rounds, those being the 7.62×54mmR, .303 British, .30-03, .30 Army, .30-06, .35 Winchester, .38-72 Winchester, .40-72 Winchester and .405 Winchester.


The Model 1895 is one of the strongest lever-action rifles that Winchester has produced, designed to handle the augmented pressures generated by the more powerful smokeless powder cartridges.

Design DetailsEdit

The Model 1895 was the first Winchester rifle to have a box magazine underneath the action, instead of a tubular magazine design. The Model 1895 was also the last of the lever-action rifles to be designed by John Browning, and featured a rear locking bolt as in his previous designs.


The rifle used many ammunition types, both military and hunting cartridges.

  • 30-40 Krag
  • 7.62×54mmR
  • .303 British
  • .30-03
  • .30-06 Springfield
  • .35 WCF
  • .38-72 WCF
  • .40-72 WCF
  • .405 Winchester


The weapon had a few Russian redesigns, but generally remained the same. A main difference between the Russian redesign of the rifle and the normal rifle was that the Russian redesign could accept stripper clips; the original rifle could not and cartridges had to be loaded nose down into the weapon.


  • Between 1915 and 1917 about 300,000 Model 1895's were manufactured for the army of the Russian Empire, accounting for around 70% of the total production of the rifles during its lifespan.