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VZ.52 Machine Gun
Country of origin

Czechoslovakia

Manufacturer(s)

Zbrojovka Brno

Designer(s)

Vaclav Holak

Year(s) designed

1951

Production began

1952

Production ended

1963

Weapon type

Machine gun

Caliber

7.62x45mm, 7.62x39mm

Action

Single / Automatic gas operation

Overall length

1,045mm (41.1in)

Barrel length

585mm (23.0in)

Weight

8.0kg (17.7lb)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

Belt Fed / Box Magazine

Cyclic rate

1,150 rounds per minute

Maximum effective range

900m (985yds)

Used by

Czechoslovakia

The VZ.52 is a Czechoslovakian Light Machine Gun, developed after the end of the Second World War. It was designed to be used by the Czechoslovak Armed Forces in the 1950's

Design DetailsEdit

The VZ.52's internal mechanics are largely based on the earlier ZB.26 (designed by Vaclav Holek) which utilises the same gas operating system and interchangeable barrel system. However it also utilises a tilt bolt that locks to the roof of the reciever, aswell as an integral bipod and the ability to use either a box magazine or a metallic belt, without to need for modifications.

The VZ.52 also featured a dual trigger mechanism, allowing for both single action and full automatic fire.

AmmunitionEdit

Initially the VZ.52 used Czech 7.62mm x 45mm vz.52 cartridge. The gun was modified to use the 7.62mm x 39mm Warsaw Pact round and redistributed as the VZ.52/57.

UsageEdit

Both the VZ.52 and the later VZ.52/57 were used by the Czechoslovakian Army, until 1963/4 when they were replaced by the Universal Machine Gun Model or Uk vz.59.

ReferencesEdit

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