The Type 85 submachine gun was developed during early 1980s as a less expensive replacement for the Type 79 submachine gun, and a silenced version was also developed to replace the Type 64 silenced submachine guns which were then in service with PLA. Both weapons are used currently by PR China police units, as well as PLA soldiers. The Type 85 submachine gun is a simple blowback weapon that fires from an open bolt. It uses tubular receiver made from steel, and there is long silencer tube also made from steel. The Safety/fire mode selector lever is located at the right side of the trigger unit, above the trigger guard, and allows for single shots and full automatic fire. The Type 85 silenced SMG is optimized for special 7.62x25mm (Type 64) ammunition with heavy, subsonic bullets, but can also fire standard 7.62mm Type 51/7.62x25mm TT ammunition (with increased loudness). The Type 85 SMG is fed using same 30-round box magazines as the Type 64 SMG. There is also a steel shoulder stock which folds to the right of the gun when not in use.

Units Type 85 Type 85 silenced
Caliber 7.62x25 Type 51 / TT 7.62x25 Type 64
Weight 1.9 kg empty 2.5 kg empty
Length (stock closed/open) 444 / 628 mm 631 / 869 mm
Barrel length 210 mm n/a
Rate of fire 780 RPM 800 RPM
Magazine capacity 30 rounds (Box magazine) 30 rounds (Box magazine)
Effective range 150-200 m 100-150 m

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