The Type 41 (75mm) Cavalry Gun was a Light Field Gun constructed in Japan. The Type 41 Cavalry Gun was primarily issued as a cavalry support gun, for use with Japan's equivalent of the Horse Artillery, replacing the slightly heavier Type 38 (75mm) Field Gun.
The Type 41 Cavalry Gun was, essence, the same as its predecessor. The common features shared between them include the hydro-spring (designed to reduce the effect of the recoil energy pushing the Type 41 Cavalry Gun backwards when fired), gun shield and carriage design.
However significant differences did exist. The Type 41 Cavalry Gun retained the use of the interrupted thread breech block (ie a screw thread was used to seal the breech after the shell had been loaded) while the Type 38 Field Gun would be modified to ease the loading procedure. Likewise the carriage would be modified to reduce the overall weight of the Type 41 Cavalry Gun (compared to the original Type 38 Field Gun) by around 30 kg, making transport easier.
The Type 41 Cavalry Gun was manufactured to fire the 2.95in (75mm) caliber 13.2 lb (6.0 kg) shell, the typical size shell that the Japanese Artillery units were issued with. This shell was capable of achieving a muzzle velocity of 1,670 ft/s (510 m/s) as well as being capable of reaching a target over 9,000 yards away.
The Type 41 Cavalry Gun was intended to be deployed as a Field Artillery piece to support the Japanese Cavalry. Despite there being no recorded military use of the Type 41 Cavalry Gun in either of the World Wars, it is known that the Type 41 Cavalry Gun was deployed during the Second World War as Japanese forces waited for newer equipment to arrive.
The Type 41 Cavalry Gun was given the designation "Type 41" due to the fact that it was adopted by the Japanese Military in the 41st year of Emperor Miji's reign of the Japan. Its counterpart, the Type 38 (75mm) Field Gun, was used by infantry supporting artillery and saw greater use.