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Type11LMG
Type 11
Country of origin

Japan Empire

Designer(s)

Kijirō Nambu

Year(s) designed

1922

Production began

1922

Production ended

1941

Weapon type

Light machine gun

Caliber

6.5x50mm Arisaka

Action

Gas-operated

Overall length

43.3 inches (110 cm)

Barrel length

17.4 inches (44.3 cm)

Weight

22.49 pounds (10.2 kg)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

30 rounds

Cyclic rate

400-450 RPM

Used by

Imperial Japan Army
National Revolutionary Army
Chinese Red Army


The Type 11 (十一年式軽機関銃 Jyūichinen-shiki Kei-kikanjū) is a light machine gun that was made for the Imperial Japanese Army.

HistoryEdit

Combat experience in wars caused a certain task force in Japan to be tasked in the making of the light machine gun, to provide covering fire for advancing infantry. The resulting weapon was called the Type 11, for it being produced in the 11th year of Emperor Taishō's reign, 1922.

Design DetailsEdit

As the standard light machine gun for the Japanese Imperial Army, ths Type 11 was very reliable, for it was based on an existing design, the Hotchkiss, a tried and tested design which held on for years. Kijirō Nambu, its designer, was known for making quirky designs to his weapons which worked; the Type 11 was no exception where he added a hopper system to the side of the gun. The hopper was detachable, and had a rather complex mechanism inside of it. The stock was offset to the right of the weapon due to the hopper mechanism.

To load the weapon, six stripper clips of 6.5x50mm Arisaka ammunition, each holding five rounds, would be pressed into the hopper. The hopper had two claws inside of it which would grab the cartridges and pull them into the firing chamber, where they would be in battery. The stripper clip would fall out the bottom of the hopper after all five bullets are fired.

While innovative at the time, the hopper system made the gun more prone to fouling and jams, as well as the ability for dirt and gunk to get into the system and jam up the gun.

TriviaEdit

  • No weapon other than the Type 11 has used the hopper system, making it a unique weapon.

ReferencesEdit

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