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Suomi

SuomiSJR

SuomiBunker

Suomi KP/-31
Country of origin

Finland

Manufacturer(s)

Tikkakoski
Hispano-Suiza

Designer(s)

Aimo Lahti

Year(s) designed

1921

Production began

1931

Production ended

1953

Weapon type

Submachine gun

Caliber

9x19mm Parabellum

Action

Blowback

Overall length

34.3 inches (87 centimeters)
36.4 inches (92 centimeters) (SJR variant)
29.1 inches (74 centimeters) (bunker version)

Barrel length

12.4 inches (31.4 centimeters)

Weight

10.14 pounds (4.6 kilograms)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

20-, 36- or 50-round detachable box magazine
40- or 71-round detachable drum magazine
32-round detachable modified MP 40 box magazines

Cyclic rate

750 - 900 RPM

Maximum effective range

200 meters (656.2 feet)

Muzzle velocity

396 meters/second (1,299 feet/second)

Used by

Various


The Suomi-konepistooli, more commonly known as the Suomi KP/-31, is a Finnish submachine gun.

HistoryEdit

The weapon is the offspring of the older Lahti M-22 and Suomi KP/-26 submachine guns. The KP/-31 was first manufactured in 1931, with about 4000 being used by the Finnish Army. Midway during its production run, the KP/-31 was altered with a muzzle brake; however, Aimo Lahti, the designer of the weapon, was not at all pleased with this revision of the weapon, as he felt that the muzzle brake reduced the reliability of the weapon and decreased the muzzle velocity. He was so displeased with this revision, that he even sought (and failed) to have the designer of the muzzle brake for the KP/-31 court-martialed. Originally sought as a substitute for a light machine gun, the KP/-31 proved inadequate in the role, causing soldiers to try to learn how to use a submachine gun through trial and error. This had all changed by the time of the Continuation War, when Finnish doctrine was altered; the alteration stated that a light machine gun, usually a captured DP machine gun, and a submachine gun be in every infantry squad. By 1943, this had changed to 2 submachine guns per squad; there was even an intention of having 3 submachine guns per squad in 1944, but before that was put into action, the Continuation War ended and the plan was shelved.

Design DetailsEdit

The KP/-31 incorporated some new design features, such as the spring being mounted inside the bolt to reduce the weapon's length. The KP/-31 was one of the first weapons to use casket magazines, which were quad-columned; similar magazines were later used on the HAFDASA C4 and AK-74.

VariantsEdit

SJR (Suujarru)

Variant with a muzzle brake.

Bunker variant

Shortened variant for use in bunkers.

ReferencesEdit

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