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Sauterelle
Sauterelle
Country of origin

France

Designer(s)

Elie André Broca

Year(s) designed

1915

Production began

1915

Production ended

1916

Weapon type

Bomb-throwing crossbow

Caliber

Mills bomb or F1 grenades

Action

Rack-and-pinion system with dual hand cranks

Weight

64 pounds (29 kilograms)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

Single-shot

Cyclic rate

User-dependent
4 RPM (practical)

Effective range

110 - 140 meters (120 - 150 yards)

Maximum effective range

Adjustable

Used by

France, United Kingdom


The L’Arbalète la Sauterelle Type A D’Imphy, often shortened to Arbalète sauterelle type A and commonly known as the Sauterelle, is a French grenade-throwing crossbow.

HistoryEdit

The crossbow was designed in 1915 by inventor Elie André Broca who later patented the design, and later set up a company to produce the crossbows. Initially dismissed by the French army, General Henri Mathias Berthelot thought that the Sauterelle had practical value. The Sauterelle helped to fill the technological gap of the time, before more modern trench mortars were developed, and were fairly well-liked by troops of the time period. The crossbow was used by France and the United Kingdom, in which it replaced the Leach Trench Catapult in the latter.



Design DetailsEdit

SauterelleLoading

Loading the Sauterelle.

The Sauterelle was designed to be mounted at a 45° angle against a trench wall and was usually operated by a crew of two. The range of the crossbow was adjustable through the use of a sliding stop in the track which the grenade cup travelled on; the track had markings and a plaque mounted on the left side of the weapon told its users the recommendations as to where the slide stop should be placed at for various ranges and grenade sizes and weights. After loading and setting of the slide stop, the firer used the hand cranks on the weapon to draw the string back, load the grenade in the cup, ignite the grenade and push the firing trigger to propel the grenade.

AmmunitionEdit

The Sauterelle could use various types of grenades, including the French F1 grenades and British Mills bomb among other things.

External linksEdit

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