The Ruger American Rifle is Sturm, Ruger & Co.'s latest addition to the bolt action rifle market. The American Rifle, which entered production in January 2012, is claimed to be an all American rifle and features several innovations found on older Ruger designs.
The American Rifle's design has been centred on the design of a lightweight polymer stock which blends the more conventional design of classic stocks with the modern development of ergonomics, with grip serrations along the forend of the stock to give a better grip. Mounted on the top of the stock (directly behind the receiver) a conventional tang safety has been fitted (despite the more effective three position safety used on other Ruger designs).
Various other ergonomic features that allow the user to set up the American Rifle to their own requirements without aftermarket additions are also included. One example is the addition of the recoil pad, which reduces the impact of recoil on the user's shoulder while also allowing some element of variable stock length. Likewise the trigger, named as a marksman trigger by Ruger, is adjustable to allow pull weights between 3 and 5 pounds.
However, the American Rifle does lack some features found on other bolt action rifles. The American Rifle lacks any form of iron sights, although the receiver is taped and ready to be fitted with a scope. The only magazine that the American Rifle uses is Ruger's rotary magazine which, not only has a capacity of only four rounds, is a rather expensive magazine to get hold of. That being said the rotary magazine does fit directly into the stock, maintaining the balance of the American Rifle.
The American Rifle is chambered in a variety of rounds, with the smallest calibre cartridge being the 22-250 Remington while the largest cartridge being the .308 Winchester. Other usable cartridges include the .243 Winchester, .270 Winchester, 7mm-08 Remington and the infamous .30-06 Springfield. The Compact American Rifle is chambered to only use a selection of those cartridges, namely the .308 WInchester, .243 Winchester and the 7mm-08 Remington.
The American Rifle is Ruger's latest bolt action rifle, and includes nearly 50 years of development. It is therefore odd that the American Rifle lacks virtually any component that is identical to other Ruger bolt action rifles (despite the fact that the action from the M77 has been used on virtually all other Ruger rifles). The American Rifle is aimed at hunters and target shooters whom are prepared to spend money on aftermarket scopes. The American Rifle is also half the cost of other Ruger rifles.