Country of origin



Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
Diehl Defense
Bharat Dynamics
EuroSpike GmbH

Year(s) designed

Late 1970s

Production began


Overall length

Missile with launcher: 167 centimetres (66 inches)

  • Spike-ER from helicopter:
    • Missile in canister: 34 kg (74 lb 15 oz)
    • Launcher assembly: 55 kg (121 lb 4 oz)
    • Launcher and 4 missiles: 187 kg (412 lb 4 oz)
  • Spike-MR/LR from ground:
    • Missile: 14 kg (30 lb 14 oz)
    • Command & launch unit: 5 kg (11 lb 0 oz)
    • Tripod: 2.8 kg (6 lb 3 oz)
    • Battery: 1 kg (2 lb 3 oz)
    • Thermal sight: 4 kg (8 lb 13 oz)

17 centimetres (6.7 inches)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity
  • Most variants: Reusable, single-shot
  • Spike-SR: Disposable
Used by

South Korea

The Spike is an Israeli man-portable fire-and-forget reusable anti-personnel missile system.


The Spike was manufactured as a man-portable fire-and-forget anti-personnel missile system with the ability to destroy targets within its line of sight, though little is known about its history other than that.

Design DetailsEdit

The Spike's missile is a standard fire-and-forget type of missile with automatic guiding capabilities. Some variants of the weapon, specifically, the medium, long and extended range variants, have what is known as a "Fire, Observe and Update" system, in which when fired, a fiber optic wire is spooled out between the launch position and the missile. With this system, the Spike's operator can obtain a target not within their line of sight at launch, compensate for the movement of the target if somehow the missile fails to track said target and can even switch targets while the missile is still in flight. In various nations, it is currently replacing older, aging, second-generation platforms such as the MILAN and M47 Dragon. The Spike's launching system has no thermal imager; instead, the imaging seeker is used to spot targets. The platform can be operated from either the ground or from vehicle mounts.


The main missile of the Spike is a tandem-charge HEAT warhead with two shaped charges; a precursor charge and a primary charge. The precursor charge is used to destroy any explosive reactive armor, while the primary charge is used to destroy any underlying armor, if present.



Short-range handheld disposable variant unveiled in 2012 with a range of 1.5 kilometres (0.93 miles).

Spike-MR "Gil"

Medium-range variant with a range of 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles).


Long-range variant with a range of 4 kilometres (2.5 miles).


Extended range (extra long range) variant with a range of 8 kilometres (5.0 miles). Usually found mounted on vehicles.

Spike NLOS "Non-Line Of Sight"

Extremely long range variant with a claimed range of 25 kilometres (16 miles).


Smaller version of the Spike launcher. As of 2016, development has since been halted for the Mini-Spike.


European version of the Spike launcher. Has some differences from the Israeli model.


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