Puckle Gun
Puckle Gun
Country of origin

Great Britain


James Puckle

Year(s) designed


Production began


Production ended


Weapon type

Revolver-type cannon



Magazine/Cylinder capacity

6, 7, or 9 rounds, depending on the ammunition used

The Puckle Gun was an early revolver-type weapon designed by English lawyer James Puckle.


James Puckle designed the Puckle Gun in the mid-1710s. It was a remarkable long-barreled flintlock gun with a revolving cylinder, allowing multiple shots to be fired in quick succession - a rather futuristic concept in the 1700s. The prototype Puckle Gun was trialed at Woolwich in 1717 for the British Army, but was rejected. A year later, James Puckle obtained a patent for his design and in 1721, he set up a company to market it. The Puckle Gun attracted the attention of numerous British publications, such as the Daily Courant, which, in 1722, published an advertisement for the Puckle Gun. Later that year, the London Journal said of the Puckle Gun, "one man discharged it 63 times in seven Minutes, though all while Raining,; and it throws off either one large or sixteen Musquet Balls at every discharge with great force". Despite this very positive publicity, both the Puckle Gun and Puckle's business went bust. A contemporaneous poet, writing for a newspaper, ruefully said of Puckle's Machine Company:

Cquote1 Fear not, my friends, this terrible machine, they're only wounded who have shares therein. Cquote2

In a macabre marketing ploy, Puckle offered two versions of his weapon; one which fired conventional round balls, intended for deployment against Christian foes, and another which fired rectangular ammunition, which allegedly caused more severe wounds, intended for deployment against Muslim Turks.


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