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PKM

PKMS

PKM general purpose machine gun
Country of origin

Soviet Union

Manufacturer(s)

ZiD

Designer(s)

Mikhail Kalashnikov

Year(s) designed

1969

Production began

1969

Weapon type

General purpose machine gun

Caliber

7.62x54mmR

Barrel length

645 mm

Weight

7.5 kg

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes

Cyclic rate

650-750 rounds/min

Maximum effective range

1,500 m

Muzzle velocity

825 m/s

The PKM (ПКМ, Пулемёт Калашникова Модернизированный, Pulemyot Kalashnikova Modernizirovannyy, Kalashnikov's modernized machine gun in English) is a 7.62x54mmR general purpose machine gun designed in the Soviet Union and currently in production in Russia. It is a modernization of the PK that was introduced in the 1961 to replace the SG-43 and RPD machine guns in Soviet service.

History

The PKM was introduced in 1969 as a modernized version of the PK. The improvements to the PKM included weight reduction, production simplification and improvements to ease of use. In 2001, the PKM was further improved by TsNIITochMash to become the Pecheneg.

Design Details

The PKM is lighter than the original PK, and has a few other improvements as well. Lengthwise ribs were added to make the receiver cover more rigid, and the buttstock was fitted with a hinged butt rest. Similar to the older PK, the PKM can be used as a light anti-aircraft weapon when it is put on an anti-aircraft mount. Typical of Soviet machine guns, the standard model feeds from the right and ejects its spent cases via an ejection port on the left side of the weapon, contrary to the right side ejection port seen in most Western machine guns. Old PKMs were fitted with wooden furniture such as wooden buttstocks and pistol grips, but these were later changed to a black glass-filled polyamide for modern-production PKMs.

Variants

PKMS

PKM mounted on a tripod.

Type 80

Chinese clone of the PKM/PKMS.

MG-1M

Bulgarian clone of the PKM/PKMS.

Cugir Mitraliera md. 66

Romanian clone of the PKM/PKMS.

Zastava M84

Yugoslav/Serbian clone of the PKM/PKMS.