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LeMat Revolver

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Revolver-gun
LeMat Revolver
Country of origin

Confederate States / France

Manufacturers

John Krider (Philidelphia), London Armoury Company

Designer

Jean Alexandre LeMat

Year(s) designed

1855

Production began

1856

Production ended

1865

Weapon type

Revolver / Shotgun

Caliber

.36in (9.1mm), .42in (10.7mm)/.44in (11.2mm) ball + 20ga shot

Action

Single action

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

9 shot cylinder, Single shotgun barrel

Cyclic rate

9 rounds per minute

Used by

Confederate States of America

Lemat
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Lematbreech
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Lematcarbine
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The LeMat Revolver was a .42 calibre revolver invented by Dr. Jean Alexandre of New Orleans. LeMat revolvers were set apart from the common Colt and Starr revolvers of the day (1860s) by a single .68" bore smoothbore barrel affixed to the bottom of the main barrel, loaded with a charge of shot.

Design DetailsEdit

The LeMat set itself apart from other revolvers by the existance of its nine shot cylinder, which was originally loaded from the muzzle. The large size of the cylinder also meant that the frame did not extend over the cylinder which could have potentially weakened the design. 

VariantsEdit

Muzzle LoaderEdit

The Muzzle loader was effectively the first version of the LeMat, requiring the user to push a ramrod into the barrel to push the powder and ball/shot into each cylinder from the muzzle

PinfireEdit

A version of the LeMat that had a pin-like shaped hammer to fire the primer of the cartridge. The cylinder chambers were also redesigned to work better with the new design

CentrefireEdit

Emerged as the era of centrefire cartridges began. Although the LeMat was never technically designed to user centrefire ammunition (or atleast use it in the interpretation of centrefire ammunition in modern times) this concept did allow the LeMat to survive a little longer. Centrefire LeMats can be distinguished, externally, by the shape of the grip.

CarbineEdit

A relatively rare version of the LeMat. A stock replaced the grip and the barrels were replaced with longer, carbine length barrels. This concept was born to the intention of placing the LeMat into direct competition with the Colt Model 1855 "Root Revolver" which also had a rifle/carbine variant (ie the Model 1855 "Root" Revolving Rifle).

UsageEdit

Alexandre was helped to market his pistol by the flamboyant PGT Beauregard, and the weapons were manufactured in both England and France. The pistols were a favorite of Confederate officers during the American Civil War. The gun is featured in the video game Red Dead Redemption as the strongest revolver in the game.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit

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