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Lahitolle 95mm
Canon Lahitolle de 95mm
Country of origin

France

Designer

Henri Perier de Lahitolle

Year(s) designed

1873-75

Production began

1875

Production ended

1877

Weapon type

Field Gun

Caliber/Shell

3.7in (95mm) / 10.8lb (4.8kg) Shell

Barrel Length

94.5in (2.4m)

Weight

930lb (420kg)

Carriage

Wheeled

Crew

6

Years of Service

1875 - 1918

Used by

France

The Lahitolle 95mm Cannon was a French Field Gun designed by Henri Perier de Lahitolle. This was the first time a French Field Artillery piece had been constructed entirely from steel.

Design DetailsEdit

The Lahitolle 95mm was one of the first French artillery pieces to be fitted with a screw breech (as the Reffye 75mm Cannon had, as well as British guns from 16 years earlier) which meant that the Lahitolle 95mm was quicker to reload than its predecessors.

The Lahitolle 95mm was also the first French Field Artillery piece to be constructed entirely from steel, a practice which was aimed at increasing the strength of Artillery pieces to cope with higher pressures produced from more powerful shells. The barrel of the Lahitolle 95mm measured 94.5in (2.4m) in length, including the breech.

Recoil remained an issue for the Lahitolle 95mm as anti-recoil devices were twenty years away from being introduced, meaning that the rate of fire of the Lahitolle 95mm was severely reduced, the recoil energy forcing the gun backwards meaning it would have to be dragged forward to be fired again. This in-part (combined with its large weight) meant that the Lahitolle 95mm would be almost immediately replaced as a Field Gun by the de Bange 90mm, being deployed instead as a defensive fortification armament.

AmmunitionEdit

The Lahitolle 95mm used a 3.7in caliber (95mm) shell weighing in at 10.8lb. This was the standard weight for a shell in the French artillery but because of the various caliber sizes used at the time, the 95mm shell diameter would be offset by the 90mm shell diameter used with the de Bange 90mm

UsageEdit

The Lahitolle 95mm would not become the most widely used artillery piece in the world but was developed in 1888 to include some of the improvements introduced by the de Bange 90mm a few years earlier.

The service life of the Lahitolle 95mm would continue into the First World War, where the Lahitolle 95mm would be used in place of the Canon de 75 as production of the later formed a backlog in production demands. The Lahitolle 95mm would remain in use in the Second World War, but only in its role as a defensive piece, being deployed along the infamous Maginot Line a defensive line of fortifications along the Eastern boarder of France.

ResourcesEdit

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahitolle_95_mm_cannon

http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=6698

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