Grossfuss Sturmgewehr/Avtomat Horn
Country of origin



Metall- und Lackwarenfabrik Johannes Großfuß


Kurt Horn

Year(s) designed

At least around the closing stage of World War II

Number built

At least 9

Weapon type

Assault rifle


7.92x33mm Kurz


Gas-delayed blowback

Overall length

930 mm (36.6 inches)

Barrel length

410 mm (16.1 inches)


4.7 kg (10.4 pounds)

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

30-round StG 44 detachable box magazine

Cyclic rate

500 RPM

Used by

Nazi Germany

The Grossfuss Sturmgewehr is a prototype assault rifle.


The weapon was designed by Kurt Horn at the Grossfuss factory, which was better known for the MG 42. Nine of the prototypes were captured by advancing Red Army soldiers during the closing stage of World War II; five were eventually found at the Kummersdorf testing site. In most Soviet documents analyzing the rifle, the name of "Avtomat Horn" (Автомат Корне) was given in these documents. Schematics and the designer himself were also captured by the Soviets eventually. Kurt spent most of his time in the USSR at factory number 74, now known as Izhmash.

Design DetailsEdit

The designer was given a few requirements for the gun, with some of them being that it had to use the blowback principle of operation, and that it had to fire at 500 rounds per minute. Because of this, Horn came up with an innovative mechanism for the gun; a gas-delayed blowback system. The idea was relatively simple: part of the gasses escaping from the chamber were redirected in the direction opposite to the rearward movement of the bolt; their pressure pushed against a piston connected to the bolt itself, thus decelerating the rearward movement of the latter. This method of operation allowed Horn to reduce the weight of the bolt to about 0.8–0.9 kg.

A similar idea was used by Karl Barnitzke in his VG1-5 rifle, but it did not work as well as planned.

As of today, only three exist today, including one incomplete exemplar residing in a museum.



See AlsoEdit