FN P90
Country of origin



FN Herstal

Year(s) designed

1986 to 1990

Production began


Weapon type

Personal defense weapon




Straight blowback, closed bolt

Overall length

P90: 19.7 inches (500 mm)
PS90: 26.2 inches (666 mm)

Barrel length

P90: 10.5 inches
PS90: 16 inches


P90: 5.60 lb (2.54 kg) empty
PS90: 6.3lb (2.85kg) empty

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

50-round detachable magazine

Used by

Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Egypt, France, Germany, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

The P90 (short for Project 1990) is a Belgian personal defense weapon manufactured by FN Herstal from 1990 to 1993, with improved variants currently being manufactured.


The P90 was developed between 1986 to 1990 by Belgian company FN Herstal and first saw use in the Gulf War by the Belgian Special Forces Group.

The P90 was designed to replace submachine guns that used pistol caliber rounds for military and law enforcement agencies, as these cartridges were deemed insufficient against body armor.

Further development has led to the creation of the P90 TR variant, which was introduced in 1999 and continues to be offered alongside the standard P90.

In 2011, P90s were used by Muammar Gaddafi's forces during the 2011 Libyan Civil War and some of these examples were captured and used in the war by Anti-Gaddafi rebels.

Design detailsEdit

The P90 is a short, compact, lightweight bullpup weapon, chambered in 5.7×28mm. It takes a 50-round magazine; the magazine feeds from the top, and the weapon fires from a closed bolt. The P90 has a 10.5-inch barrel, with a flash hider mounted on it. It uses the straight blowback mode of operation, and the weapon cycles at a rate of 900 rounds per minute. All models of the P90 can take suppressors. Spent casings eject from a port on the bottom of the weapon, eliminating ejection problems with left- and right-handed shooters.

The P90's receiver is polymer, and can come in a few different colors - olive drab and black being the most prevalent.

Variants Edit

The P90 has several variants.

P90 Edit



The P90 is the first variant introduced in 1990 and production stopped in 1993, which replaced by the P90 chambered with a SS190 round.

P90 SS190 Edit

The P90 SS190 is the improved verson of the P90 which is chambered with a SS190 round. Production began in 1993.

P90 LV & IR Edit


P90 LV & IR

A P90 with an integral laser mounted in front of the trigger guard, just below the barrel. This laser can either be visible or infrared; infrared lasers are for use at night, in conjunction with night vision equipment (as that is the only way the light can be seen). The standard visible laser has three settings; off, low power, and full power. Production began in 1995.

P90 TR Edit


P90 TR

This P90 features a tactical rail on top of the receiver, and two rail sections on the sides of the receiver. The top rail is integral. Production began in 1999.

PS90 Edit



This civilian variant is basically the same as the P90; however, it has a 16-inch barrel, and the option of automatic fire is removed. The early generation PS90 SMGs have a trigger group with the auto sear included. These trigger groups will have a front sear and a rear sear. To make the gun fire fully automatic, you simply remove the rear sear spring shaft from the detent and lay the shaft on the cam beside the detent. This removes pressure on the rear sear and will result in the PS90 firing fully automatic. In the USA, if you remove the spring shaft from the detent and insert the trigger pack into a PS90, you will have made a machinegun according to U.S. federal law, and if caught, you will be prosecuted by either state or federal authorities. Production began in 2005.



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