The FG 42 (Fallschirmjägergewehr 42) is a German battle rifle.
The Germans were looking for a light, portable, select-fire rifle for their use. With these requirements, the FG 42 was born. It was trialled against a Knorr-Bremse and Krieghoff design, but the FG 42 won. The FG 42 was later given some design refinements by Krieghoff.
The FG 42 uses a rotating bolt mechanism, which was later copied by the Americans in their M60 machine gun.
The FG 42 had two variants.
- Ausführung "E"
This was the earlier version of the FG 42. It can be distinguished by its oddly-angled pistol grip.
- Ausführung "G"
This was the Krieghoff refinement of the FG 42. It can be distinguished by its conventional pistol grip.