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MPA
MPA
Country of origin

Argentina

Designer(s)

FMAP Domingo Matheu

Production began

1977

Weapon type

Submachine gun

Caliber

9x19mm Parabellum

Action

Blowback

Barrel length

105mm

Magazine/Cylinder capacity

18, 25, 40 rounds

Cyclic rate

1500, 2000rpm

The MPA submachine gun was the result of a project of the year 1977 carried out by it manufactures Sunday Matheu to manufacture a submachine gun of dimensions reduced. It had a tube of 100 mm that next to the handle in angle with respect to the axis of the weapon, had as an objective to reduce the forces of backward movement in the point of subjection. It could charge dockhands 18, 25 and 40 cartridges. The Country, was a development of an official of the FAA taking as base to the Ingram Mac 10. It included the possibility to mount a bayonet, a silencer and a special harness to mount it under the arm.

In 1977, the urge of “firepower, compact style” showed up again at Fábrica Militar de Armas Portátiles “Domingo Matheu”, one more time as an in-house private venture. Designer Enrique Chichizola started studying technical approaches to an automatic-fire gun of small dimensions capable of achieving such stability and controllability characteristics so as to allow effective target hit probability at realistic ranges (say, up to 10 meters). He called it the MPA (Mini Pistola Ammetralladora, Mini Machine Pistol).

His approach could well be called “ergomechanic”, since a deeper interface between firer and machine was involved. It basically consisted of aligning the gun barrel’s axis as much as possible with the firing hand’s supporting point with views at reducing the respective force momenta (during firing) of the gun’s center of gravity and the shooter’s hand/arm. This resulted in the adoption of a specially designed pistol grip that was just about an extension of the receiver’s rear end, with a generally conventional trigger/trigger guard assembly just ahead of it. Chichizola had, in fact, considered other more unconventional solutions, one of these being the replacement of the trigger proper by a thumb-activated lever on the receiver’s side, not to mention what he considered to be the ideal answer: a sort of spade grip at the very rear end of the receiver! This, in the event, was not even tried, as it might have appeared too revolutionary for the FMAP management.

The MPA was otherwise a rather conventional blowback affair firing 9x19mm ammo out of a 105mm long barrel that sat pretty low in the boxlike receiver. A very high cyclic rate of fire (1,500 to 2,000 rounds per minute) was intended to take advantage of the principle that that in a rapid and short (3 to 4 rounds) burst, by the time the firing momentum starts rising the muzzle, the bullets are already in their way to the target. So, a lightweight (320 grams) bolt was used, whose guide rod and stiff return spring were in the upper position. At the breech-closing moment, the bolt would be well forward in the receiver, ahead most of the barrel’s length, thus giving a definite downward push at the muzzle end. Ejection was to the right.

The gun used staggered-row, two-position feed, detatchable box magazines of 18 and 25 round capacities, an even a 40 round unit was occasionally fitted (apparently, for photographic purposes, only). The catch release button was located just ahead of the magazine well, being pressed inwards (left to right) to release the magazine. It was located within the disassembly pin which allowed the upper and lower receiver assemblies to come apart. The cocking piece was a pressed-steel structure of pretty low profile involving the top of the receiver.

A single prototype was put together in Rosario and proved its point well. Although a controlled burst device was actually built, it was never fitted into the MPA, magazines loaded with four rounds only simulating it for testing purposes. Chichizola mentioned, years later, that single-handed shooting at man-sized silhouettes at 12 meters that is, well over the close-in ranges anticipated for that sort of firearm, generally resulted in the four bullets impacting in the kill zone, which appeared to confirm that muzzle raise was very modest, indeed. However, and unfortunately, the full-auto pistol prototype did not receive further (or any, in fact) support from Army guys outside the factory gates, and the whole testing program slowly finished.


GalleryEdit

References Edit

  • La revista que mencionas era ARMAS Y GEOESTRATEGIA, y el artículo mencionado salió en el Vol.2 N° 6 de Mayo de 1983
  • Las Pistolas Ametralladoras Fabricadas en Nuestro País¨, N°172, Enero 2004

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