The Fucile Mitragliatore Breda modello 30, or Breda 30, is an Italian light machine gun.
The Breda 30 was the standard light machine gun used by the Italian army during the 1930s and 1940s. The Breda was one of the more common sights on the Italian battlefield, along with Carcanos, Glisentis and Berettas.
The Breda 30 uses a recoil operation and fired from a closed bolt, as the barrel seems to recoil back and forth when firing. The Breda was a somewhat reliable weapon, but had a volatile blowback action, leading to poor primary ejection. However, the most crippling factor of the Breda is its magazine. The Breda held 20 rounds in a non-detachable magazine, attached to the side. The magazine is attached on a pivot point and swings to the side for reloading. Like the Chauchat light machine gun, the Breda has a cavity in the magazine which allows the firer and loader to see how many rounds are left in the magazine. Brass or steel stripper clips loaded with 20 rounds are slid into the magazine to load it. As the magazine was permanently attached to the weapon via means of a pivot, ripping off the magazine will render the weapon useless. The Breda has a lubrication device that oiled every cartridge that entered the firing chamber. However, it is not suited for desert use, where dust and sand caused the Breda to wear down and jam prematurely.