9mm redirects here, for other uses see 9mm (disambiguation)

The 9x19mm Parabellum (Parabellum coming from the Latin phrase "sa vis pacem para bellum" meaning "for peace, prepare for war"), also known as the 9mm Luger, is a widely used German pistol round. It was designed by Georg Luger and introduced in 1902 by German manufacturer DWM (Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken). In its standard loading, it is referred to as 9mm Luger, and is currently one of the most popular cartridges in the world, in use with several militaries and many law enforcement agencies.

Variations of the 9x19mm Parabellum roundEdit


9mm, the cartridge furthest to the left, as compared to a .357 SIG cartridge and a .45 ACP cartridge

  • 9mm Luger, the standard loading in 9mm. Can be found weighing anywhere from 92 grains to 147 grains.
  • 9mm NATO, which fires at a slightly higher pressure than the standard 9mm Luger. It is denoted by the NATO insignia on the case rim, and uses red sealant on the primer. The bullet weighs in at 124 grains.
  • 9mm which is loaded to C.I.P. spec. By western definition, this ammunition is loaded to near +P pressures.
  • 9mm +P and 9mm +P+, which are overpressure variants of the 9x19mm cartridge, fires at higher pressures than the SAAMI-spec 9mm Luger. These are usually found as jacketed hollow point (JHP) rounds.
    • 7N21 and 7N30 Armor Piercing Steel Core +P+ cartridges in particular, being the new military, police and FSB-issue rounds of the Russian Federation

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